Harry Hayashi Singled Out for Terrible Injustice

Carrington, N.D.
May 14, 1945

Harry Hayashi came from Japan to the United States as a cabin boy on a steamer about the turn of the century. In 1921 he made his way to Carrington, North Dakota, and worked in a bakery. Within a few years he opened his own café and married a local woman. Ambitious and imaginative, he bought several acres of land on the edge of town and opened the Rainbow Gardens. This business became a North Dakota showplace: brightly painted motel units surrounded by a garden with a fish pond, waterfalls, and streams. His adjoining café served a varied menu, and his pavilion attracted nationally known bands and eager dancers. By any standard, the Rainbow Gardens was a huge success.

Rainbow Gardens, Carrington.

Then, Hayashi discovered that the government, without warning, had frozen his assets. Within days his business was closed, and he was interned at the Fort Lincoln facility.  The efforts of Carrington businesspeople to get him released did no good. How long he was incarcerated is unknown, but he was unable to reopen his Rainbow Gardens until now.

Why Harry Hayashi was singled out from among the several Japanese businesspeople in North Dakota remains a mystery—it also remains a stain on the North Dakota home front.

By Dr. D. Jerome Tweton


Originally published as The North Star Dakotan student newspaper, written by Dr. D. Jerome Tweton and supported by the North Dakota Humanities Council.

Grade Level


Subject Matter

Social Studies

North Star Dakotan:

Journals and Art Work: The Indian People, The Trade, and The Land

The Indian People

The Purchase and Exploration of Louisiana

The Fur Trade

Dakota Territory

The Military Frontier

The Reservation System

George Armstrong Custer and the Battle of the Little Bighorn

The Great Dakota Boom, 1878-1890

Reservation Troubles, 1886-1890

The Making of a State and a Constitution

The North Dakota Economy, 1890-1915

Life on the Indian Reservations

The North Dakota National Guard and the Philippines

North Dakota, The Great War and After

The Nonpartisan League's Rise to Power

The Nonpartisan League in Power

The Nonpartisan League's Decline

The 1920s

1930s: North Dakota's Economic and Political Climate

The New Deal in North Dakota

The Road to World War II

North Dakota and American Society

North Dakota Optimism and Economic Developments

North Dakota and Political Change